The Indian Independence Act 1947 partitioned British India bringing an end of the British Raj.
The majority of the Muslim vote and most reserved Muslim seats in the provincial assemblies were won by the Muslim League while securing all Muslim seats in the Central Assembly. The proposal was however rejected by both the Congress and the Muslim League in September that year. Setting up of elected governments however could not be made possible in most princely states because of defiance of the princes. Lawyer and politician Muhammed Ali Jinnah who remained leader of the All-India Muslim League and played an instrumental role in curving out a separate nation for Muslims in the Indian subcontinent as Pakistan undertook and championed the ideology.The Government of India Act, 1935 was passed initially in August 1935. During the winter of 1936-37, provincial elections were held in British India when Indian National Congress came to power in eight provinces out of eleven while the All-India Muslim League were unsuccessful in forming government in any province.
The day also initiated ‘The Week of the Long Knives’. At midnight of 14–15 August 1947, India and Pakistan emerged legally as two self-governing countries. After the Indian Army contribution during the First World War, the conservative British political leaders also started acknowledging the need of constitutional change so that participation of Indians in the government of the British Indian Empire can be increased.One of the first Congress leaders who saw partition as inevitable was Vallabhbhai Patel also famous as Sardar Patel. Public Library of India. Interpretations of the theory varied. No serious student of the current political or social events Il also provided for the complete end of British control over the Indian affairs from 15 August 1947. The Indian Independence Act 1947 partitioned British India bringing an end of the British Raj. As the Second World War broke in 1939, the then Viceroy of India Lord Linlithgow made an announcement in September 1939 that India was at war with Germany. On the other hand the Muslim League also approved the proposal as their demands for a separate state was accomplished. Patel gave his nod and lobbied with Nehru and other Congress leaders to agree with the plan. He announced such a significant decision without consulting the elected representatives of the Indian people. In October 1947, a Pathan tribal forcc entered Kashmir with Pakistani backing. India became an independent dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations on August 15 that year and Jawaharlal Nehru took oath as the Prime Minister while Mountbatten became the nation’s first Governor General. The Congress Working Committee later (in October 1937) adopted the first two verses of the song as the National Song of India. This, the Partition of British India, was a grave mistake. At the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Bombay while delivering his Quit India speech Gandhi made a Do or Die call. Lord Hardinge later re-united the two parts of Bengal on December 12, 1911, in face of political protests as well as to appease the sentiment of the Bengalis.Image Credit : https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/punjabi/en/article/2017/09/21/pain-long-partition-story-india-and-pakistanIn pursuit of expanding participation of Indians in the government of India, the Government of India Act, 1919 was passed which received Royal Assent on December 23 that year. The plan that included partition of the Muslim-majority provinces of Bengal and Punjab accomplished the actual partition of British India into two separate dominions of India and Pakistan. According to sources there were 330 million people in India, 30 million people in East Pakistan and 30 million in West Pakistan after partition. The announcement of the Radcliffe Line that included partition of Bengal and Punjab provinces was followed by a horrific period of intense communal violence and population transfer that was not foreseen by any of the Indian leaders. The pact was considered a significant milestone in the Indian Independence movement as it established cordial relations between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League and ignited a ray of hope for Hindu Muslim unity.The British Parliament on July 18, 1947 passed the Indian Independence Act 1947.
He controversially wrote in the Indian English-language daily newspaper ‘The Tribune’ on December 14, 1924, demanding a clear division of India into a Hindu State India and a Muslim India. Soon the slogan and the revolts garnered nationwide attention.Several Hindu nationalist organizations were also influenced by the theory. While the Congress ministries resigned in October and November 1939 in protest of such action of the Viceroy, the Muslim League that was operating under the patronage of the state arranged celebrations from dominance of Congress, “Deliverance Day”, and backed Britain in their war effort.
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